Monday, May 3, 2010

The Sounds - The Sounds (1963-1965) FINLAND

Wonderful Finnish band playing in the style surf.This is a compilation of tunes for the period 1963-1965 years.

Style: Instrumental Rock / Rautalanka

Rautalanka is a Finnish style of instrumental music played by a quartet (lead guitar, rhythm guitar, bass guitar and drum kit). Rautalanka music can also include other instruments and vocals. The word rautalanka literally means "iron wire" and refers to the strings of the electric guitar. The heyday of rautalanka was in the early 1960s, but it has enthusiasts even today. Typical features of rautalanka are sharp and clear melodies, fast tempos and extensive use of tape echo, but little or no overdrive or fuzz. What distinguishes rautalanka most clearly from other twangy guitar genres is that the melodies tend to be in minor keys and melancholic, based on slavic folk tunes and schlager songs.

Rautalanka began in the early 1960s, when Yleisradio had a monopoly on radio in Finland and it played little in the way of pop music. Foreign radio stations played pop music around that time. Those stations were eagerly listened to in Finland, and the most popular was Radio Luxembourg. It aired guitar music, which prompted the Finnish youth to set up bands and play this music. Bands such as The Shadows and The Ventures served as examples for rautalanka bands.

Rautalanka was the first youth-oriented style of music, played by young people, to receive mass distribution in Finland. Before rautalanka, music recording and live performing had been more or less monopolized by (often older) professional musicians.

The first Finnish rautalanka band was the Strangers, which was heavily influenced by The Shadows. The second was The Saints, which consisted of Helsinki schoolboys. Third was The Sounds, which was the first to gain a recording contract. Their first single, "Emma", experienced great success on the charts. The first Finnish Rautalanka Championships were held in the Helsinki Messuhalli in 1961. The first champions were The Saints. The second champions were Danny and the Islanders, led by Ilkka Lipsanen (Danny), who later became a pop music star in Finland.

The golden age of rautalanka in Finland lasted from early 1961 to late 1963, when the interest of youth at large shifted away from the Finnish style to merseybeat, led by The Beatles. While instrumental rock music was popular all around Europe, the term rautalanka is used only in Finland and Sweden (ståltråd). It refers to instrumental music which is too melodic and clean to be true rock music, but also too rhythmic to be folk music.
Worldwide, the best known representative of this style is the British band The Shadows, who have visited Finland several times, most recently in 2005. Their best known song is Apache. Their American counterparts are The Ventures, whose song Walk, Don't Run (song) was a hit in Finland and used by Yleisradio as their theme melody. The first real Finnish rautalanka hit was "Emma" by The Sounds, which became the image of Finnish rautalanka music. Many bands employed folk music and other styles of popular music as ingredients of their musical pieces. While rock music eventually superseded both Merseybeat and rautalanka in Finnish youth culture, the style survived as background music for many Finnish popular music performers, and Hank Marvin has been the example for many modern Finnish rock musicians.

1. The Sounds - Mandschurian Beat (2:12)

2. The Sounds - Emma (2:12)

3. The Sounds - Muurari (1:59)

4. The Sounds - Troikka (2:18)

5. The Sounds - Yksinäinen Kitara (2:12)

6. The Sounds - Kulkuri (1:57)

7. The Sounds - Yöjuoksu (Night Run) (2:06)

8. The Sounds - Kultaiset Korvaerenkaat (1:49)

9. The Sounds - Mustat Silmät (2:14)

10. The Sounds - Kalinka (1:39)

11. The Sounds - Katjusha (2:26)

12. The Sounds - Yksi Ainoa Ikkuna (2:24)

13. The Sounds - Illan Tullen (2:07)

14. The Sounds - Rakastan Sinua, Elämä (2:15)

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